Everything You Wanted To Know About Video: Simplified [Infographic/Cheat Sheet]

everything-you-wanted-to-know-about-video

This Infographic/Cheat Sheet was created to help clear up confusion regarding Video Codecs, Formats, Containers, Bit Rates, Bit Depths, Video Sizes, Aspect Ratios, Frame Rates and More.
Everything You Wanted To Know About Video: Simplified [Infographic/Cheat Sheet] Codecs InfoGraphic3 video editing blog blog
Youtube Video on Codecs & Containers:

Youtube video on Color Subsampling:

Youtube video on NTSC vs PAL:

If you have any questions, suggestions, or find any problems, please leave a comment below.

Information Sources:

http://www.pcworld.com/article/213612/all_about_video_codecs_and_containers.html

http://www.reelseo.com/file-formats-containers-compression/

http://www.dvdyourmemories.com/blog/types-of-video-files-containers/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_nPsBwMivCk

http://editingwhiz.com/2012/07/24/codecs/

http://www.tvjuneau.com/?page=HDTV

http://www.windowsmoviemakers.net/PapaJohn/54/Interlaced-Versus-Progressive.aspx

http://ddisoftware.com/tech/articles/march-2009-video-frame-rates-(24p-25p-30p-60i)

http://documentation.apple.com/en/finalcutpro/usermanual/

http://www.odmedia.nl/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/NTSC-vs-PAL.gif

More Info on NTSC vs PAL: http://www.diffen.com/difference/NTSC_vs_PAL

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frame_rate

https://onvideos.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/aspectratio.png?w=584

http://www.decodeuk.com/imagesSITE/Redinfo/REDformats.jpg

http://documentation.apple.com/en/finalcutpro/usermanual/index.html#chapter=C%26section=5%26tasks=true

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitrate#Video

http://www.mymediadelivered.com/2008/07/how-to-get-the-best-image-quality-out-of-handbrake/

http://www.larryjordan.biz/why-video-bit-depth-matters/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chroma_subsampling

Statistics Source: http://techcrunch.com/2012/04/17/survey-mp4-is-top-format-for-web-and-mobile-videos/

More Information: Video Compression

More Information: Future of Pixels




About Conner Lambden

Conner Lambden is a professional video editor with Final Cut Pro X. He enjoys skiing, and is a web enthusiast. Find him on

  • Russ

    Thanks for the info on this site video. I still think I am lost..I use Camtasia Studio 8 now and I still don’t see any relevant improvement in my .avi to mp4 production file conversion. I still see too much blur. out of focus or pixelation. I record at my screen resolution 1920×1080 native and compress to 1100×600. It is a nice size because I use a cad program to teach with and you have to see the screen in reasonable size. I use Flowplayer 3.1.1 for playback originally making .flv files. I am wondering a good scenario to use to get this more clear.

    • http://connerpro.com/ Conner Productions

      In your case, the container (avi vs mp4) won’t make a huge difference, but the codec used will. What codec are you using? Try encoding into H.264 for the best quality with the smallest size. If Camtasia won’t do it, maybe trie Handbrake. Hope this helps.

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  • Francisco Díaz

    Thanks. It is just great to have all this information in one site.

  • Warren

    This is great, thank you for the education

  • bradyman

    Great WriteUp!

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